Abstract Nouns

Abstract Nouns

Abstract Nouns:

Abstract Nouns

Introduction:

An Abstract Noun is the one that names something which we cannot see or touch like friendship, love, youth, death, anger, etc., Since they have no physical existence, we can not see, hear, touch, taste or smell them. We can only feel or conceptualize them. In other words, I can say that Concrete Nouns are like the hardware of a computer and Abstract Nouns are like software of a computer.

Definition:

When a noun refers to an idea, a concept, a feeling, a quality, a state or a condition, it is called an Abstract Noun. It is intangible and does not have a physical existence. 

We can see a person who has got the knowledge, a picture that has beauty, a child full of intelligence but the Abstract Nouns knowledge, beauty and intelligence cannot be seen all alone. 

 

Abstract Noun Examples:

Abstract Nouns that indicate quality – goodness, kindness, whiteness, darkness, hardness, brightness, honesty, wisdom, bravery, beauty, intelligence, generosity, cleverness, obedience, courage, softness etc.,

Abstract Nouns that indicate action – laughter, theft, movement, judgment, hatred etc.,

Abstract Nouns that indicate state – childhood, boyhood, youth, slavery, sleep, sickness, death, poverty etc.,

 

Abstract Noun Example Sentences:

  1. Ricky has the ability to motivate his team members.
  2. I don’t understand why he has expressed his anger towards me.
  3. A thing of beauty is a joy forever.
  4. Communication among the students in the class should be encouraged.
  5. With great confidence, I came forward to speak before a large audience..
  6. He received his early education in his village.
  7. My friend never loses his enthusiasm for the sport.
  8. Failure is the stepping stone to success.
  9. Friendship is an invisible ship that sails between two souls.
  10. Honesty is the best policy.
  11. A simple idea can change your life.
  12. How can I express my regards for your kindness?
  13. She never expressed her deep love to him.
  14. I don’t understand why people still live below the line of poverty.
  15. They can’t find any reason for her sorrow.
  16. Success is sweet but its secret is sweat. (hard work)
  17. The employer shows always much sympathy for the employees.
  18. The government has unique plans to reduce unemployment.
  19. I don’t believe in this belief.
  20. During my stay here, I enjoyed maximum comfort.
  21. Orphans should be treated with compassion.
  22. He has all the courage to face the situation.

 

List of Abstract Nouns:

Abstract Nouns of Human Qualities or Characteristics Abstract Nouns of Emotions or Feelings Abstract Nouns of State or Action
  1. Beauty
  2. Bravery
  3. Brilliance
  4. Brutality
  5. Calmness
  6. Charity
  7. Coldness
  8. Compassion
  9. Confidence
  10. Contentment
  11. Courage
  12. Curiosity
  13. Dedication
  14. Determination
  15. Ego
  16. Elegance
  17. Enthusiasm
  18. Envy
  19. Evil
  20. Fear
  21. Generosity
  22. Goodness
  23. Graciousness
  24. Hatred
  25. Honesty
  26. Honor
  27. Hope
  28. Humility
  29. Humor
  30. Insanity
  31. Integrity
  32. Intelligence
  33. Jealousy
  34. Kindness
  35. Loyalty
  36. Maturity
  37. Patience
  38. Perseverance
  39. Sanity
  40. Self-control
  41. Sensitivity
  42. Sophistication
  43. Stupidity
  44. Sympathy
  45. Talent
  46. Tolerance
  47. Trust
  48. Warmth
  49. Weakness
  50. Wisdom
  51. Wit
  1. Anger
  2. Awe
  3. Adoration
  4. Amazement
  5. Anger
  6. Anxiety
  7. Apprehension
  8. Boredom
  9. Clarity
  10. Delight
  11. Despair
  12. Disappointment
  13. Disbelief
  14. Excitement
  15. Fascination
  16. Friendship
  17. Grief
  18. Happiness
  19. Hate
  20. Helpfulness
  21. Helplessness
  22. Infatuation
  23. Joy
  24. Love
  25. Misery
  26. Pain
  27. Pleasure
  28. Power
  29. Pride
  30. Relaxation
  31. Relief
  32. Romance
  33. Sadness
  34. Satisfaction
  35. Shock
  36. Silliness
  37. Sorrow
  38. Strength
  39. Surprise
  40. Tiredness
  41. Uncertainty
  42. Wariness
  43. Weariness
  44. Worry
  1. Ability
  2. Adventure
  3. Belief
  4. Chaos
  5. Comfort
  6. Communication
  7. Consideration
  8. Crime
  9. Culture
  10. Death
  11. Deceit
  12. Defeat
  13. Democracy
  14. Dictatorship
  15. Disturbance
  16. Energy
  17. Failure
  18. Faith
  19. Forgiveness
  20. Fragility
  21. Freedom
  22. Gossip
  23. Grace
  24. Hurt
  25. Idea
  26. Imagination
  27. Impression
  28. Inflation
  29. Information
  30. Justice
  31. Knowledge
  32. Laughter
  33. Liberty
  34. Luxury
  35. Memory
  36. Mercy
  37. Motivation
  38. Movement
  39. pinion
  40. Opportunity
  41. Parenthood
  42. Patriotism
  43. Reality
  44. Rumor
  45. Service
  46. Skill
  47. Slavery
  48. Submission
  49. Success
  50. Truth
  51. Wealth

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How to form Abstract Nouns:

List of Abstract Nouns formed from Adjectives, Verbs and Common Nouns::

Adjective Abstract Noun Verb Abstract Noun Common Noun Abstract Noun
Attractive Attraction Accept Acceptance Agent Agency
Angry Anger Appreciate Appreciation Author Authorship/ Authority
Abundant Abundance Apply Application Bankrupt Bankruptcy
Adorable Adoration  Behave Behaviour Beggar Beggary
Attractive Attraction Believe Belief Bond Bondage
Adequate Adequacy Belong Belongingness  Boy Boyhood
Bald Baldness Bless Blessing Brother Brotherhood
Beautiful Beauty Calculate Calculation Captain Captaincy/ Captainship
Brave Bravery Clean Cleanliness Child Childhood
Bitter Bitterness Close Closeness Common Abstract
Clean Cleanliness Collect Collection Coward Cowardice
Clever Cleverness Consult Consultation Friend Friendship
Calm Calmness  Deceive Deception Glutton Gluttony
Curious Curiosity Decide Decision Hero Heroism
Comfortable Comfort Decorate Decoration Infant Infancy
Dead Depth Educate Education King Kingship/ Kingdom
Deep Death Elect Election Leader Leadership
Defeated Defeat Eliminate Elimination Man Mankind/Manhood
Defiant Defiance Examine Examination Member Membership
Different Difference Educate Education Mother Motherhood
Distinct Distinction Employ Employment Neighbour Neighbourhood
Deep Depth Explode Explosion Owner Ownership
Distribute Distribution Facilitate Facilitation Patriot Patriotism
Dangerous Danger Fail Failure Piligrim Pilgrimage
Elegant Elegance Generate Generation Pirate Piracy
Easy Ease Govern Governance Priest Priesthood
Eager Eagerness Graduate Graduation Rascal Rascality
Enthusiastic Enthusiasm Guide Guidance Regent Regency
Envious Envy Hate Hatred Rogue Roguery
Excited Excitement Identify Identification Scholar Scholarship
Famous Fame Ignore Ignorance Slave Slavery
Faithful Faith Imagine Imagination Thief Theft
Foolish Fool Introduce Introduction Verb – 

Unchangeable

Abstract Noun – 

Unchangeable

Fine Finesse Invent Invention Cry Cry
Glamorous Glamour Initiate Initiation  Desire Desire
Great Greatness Investigate Investigation Fall Fall
Good Goodness Judge Judgement Fear Fear
Helpful Help Justify Justification Hope Hope
Happy Happiness Know Knowledge Laugh Laugh
Healthy Health Live Life Love Love
Important Importance Maintain Maintenance  Move Move
Innocent Innocence Mediate Meditation Order Order
Jealous Jealousy Modify Modification Regret Regret
Joyous Joy Motivate Motivation Ride Ride
Long Length Navigate Navigation Rise Rise
Miserable Misery Negotiate Negotiation Run Run
Mysterious Mystery Nominate Nomination Sleep Sleep
Nervous Nervousness Object Objection Sob Sob
Narcissistic Narcissism  Observe Observation Stand Stand
Obedient Obedience Occur Occurrence Say Say
Oppressive Oppression Operate Operation Step Step
Outrageous Outrage Organize Organization Stop Stop
Pessimistic Pessimism Originate Origination Taste Taste
Polite Politeness Participate Participation
Proud Pride Perceive Perception
Poor Poverty Perfect Perfection
Resentful Resentment Promote Promotion
Repulsive Repulsion Qualify Qualification
Real Reality  Recognize Recognition
Sane Sanity Retire Retirement
Sarcastic Sarcasm Revise Revision
Selfish Selfishness Satisfy Satisfaction
Shy Shyness Select Selection
Tense Tension Seet Sight
True Truth Succeed Success
Thundering Thunder Suggest Suggestion
Tender Tenderness Translate Translation
Victorious Victory Unite Unity
Wide Width Validate Validation
Wise Wisdom Verify Verification
Witty Wit Warm Warmth
Zealous Zeal Win Victory

 

The Abstract Nouns that have two forms:

Word Abstract Noun 1 Abstract Noun 2
author authorship authority
attend attention attendance
captain captainship captaincy
enter entrance entry
vacate vacation vacancy
deceive deception deceit
receive reception receipt
man mankind manhood
king kingship kingdom
deliver deliverance delivery
break breakage breach
dear dearness dearth
short shortness shortage
hard hardness hardshi[

Abstract Noun Exercises:

Exercise No. 1

Find out the Abstract Nouns in the following sentences.

  1. You need a lot of dedication to succeed as a lawyer.
  2. She didn’t clearly show her disappointment.
  3. Why do we have abundant freedom in this country?
  4. The source of happiness in my life is simplicity.
  5. The best thing about this hotel is its hospitality.
  6. I always lack imagination and so I cannot write imaginative essays.
  7. The teacher appreciated her for her intelligence.
  8. It gives me great joy to be a part of this programme.
  9. This boy has a wonderful knowledge of Java.
  10. Laughter is the best medicine.
  11. These students always receive perfect motivation from their teachers.
  12. It’s my great pleasure to help you all.
  13. She told me that she didn’t get sound sleep the previous night.
  14. My friend’s sudden gift gave me a great surprise.
  15. If there is no trust, there is no relationship.
  16. Truth is beauty and beauty is truth.
  17. It is a great victory for my friend as he has been elected as president.
  18. Strength is life and weakness is death.
  19. Health is more important than wealth.
  20. Without wisdom, wealth is worthless.

Answers:

1.Dedication, 2. Disappointment, 3. Freedom, 4. Happiness, Simplicity 5. Hospitality, 6. Imagination, 7. Intelligent, 8. Joy, 9. Knowledge, 10. Laughter, 11. Motivation, 12. Pleasure, 13. Sleep, 14. Surprise, 15. Trust, Relationship, 16. Truth, Beauty, 17. Victory, 18. Strength, Life, Weakness, Death, 19. Health, 20. Wisdom, Wealth

 

Exercise No. 2 

Write the Abstract Noun for the following words:

S.No. Word Abstract Noun
01 Act
02 Believe
03 Bond
04 Child
05 Captain
06 Dark
07 Discover
08 Flatter
09 Free
10 Hate
11 Judge
12 Patriot
13 Pessimistic
14 Relieve
15 Rogue
16 See
17 Succeed
18 Think
19 Vacant
20 Wise

 

Answers:

1.Action, 2. Belief, 3. Bondage or Bonding, 4. Childhood, 5. Captaincy or Captainship,   6. Darkness, 7. Discovery, 8. Flattery, 9. Freedom, 10. Hatred, 11. Judgement, 12. Patriotism, 13. Pessimism, 14. Relief, 15. Roguery, 16. Sight, 17. Success, 18. Thought, 19. Vacancy, 20. Wisdom