The pronouns that are used as an exclamation (to express sudden emotion) are called the Exclamatory Pronouns.
In the following sentences the word ‘What’ with the exclamation mark has been used as an Exclamatory Pronoun.
- What! Have you met our Principal?
- What! You haven’t attended the class.
- What! I don’t believe what she says.
- What! You have already informed her.
- What! When did she ask me?
- What! She has gone there without my permission.
Exclamatory Adjectives are used with the nouns and indicate strong emotion. Here the question word ‘what’ is used to express the strong emotion.
- What a strange incident!
- What a cute baby!
- What beautiful flowers!
- What strange ideas!
- What a band of great musicians!
- What a board of eminent directors!
- What a joyful life it is!
- What a memorable event it is!
A sentence that expresses sudden emotions like excitement, surprise, happiness, anger, pain, disgust and wishes is called an exclamatory sentence.
We mainly use the words ‘what’ and ‘how’ to frame Exclamatory sentences and keep the exclamation mark at the end of the sentence.
‘What’ is used with singular and plural nouns and ‘how’ is used with singular nouns
- What a big liar he is!
- What brilliant children they are!
- How foolish you are!
- How beautiful the picnic spot is!
- What a grand party they have arranged!
- How excellent this picnic spot is!
- How exciting these offers are! (Incorrect)
- What exciting these offers are! (Correct)
- How exciting this offer is! (Correct)
Exclamatory Sentences with Interjections:
An interjection is a word or phrase that expresses a strong feeling or emotion. It is a short exclamation of joy, sorrow, excitement, wonder, surprise, pain, sadness, happiness, and so on. An interjection has no grammatical connection with any other parts of the sentence. It is commonly used in spoken English and informal writing.
Examples of Interjections:
Oh! Wow! Great! Hey! Hi! Hurrah! Alas! Eww! Yahoo! Oops! Ouch! etc.,
- Wow! What a wonderful spot. (surprise)
- Alas, I have lost my purse! (sorrow)
- Yahoo! Finally I got it. (happiness)
- Ouch, It is really hurting! (pain)
- Hurrah! We have won the match! (joy)
- Hey, Are you serious? (displeasure)
- Look! Who has come? (surprise)
Sometimes, the Adjectives and the Nouns can also be used as Interjections.
Adjectives as Interjections:
- Great, you did a good service!
- Nice, You convinced them well!
- Good, It is helpful!
Nouns used as Interjections:
- Congratulations! You got a good rank in Civil Services.
- Hello! Good morning.
How to punctuate interjections:
Punctuation for an interjection will depend on the emotion and body language you hope to capture.
We use an exclamation mark (!) to the words that express strong emotion like anger, excitement, surprise etc., and a comma (,) when we use the words that express mild emotion like doubt, indifference etc.,
- Wow! What a wonderful gift it is.
- Bravo! You have two gold medals.
- Phew, The shop is closed now!
- Oops, I gave that certificates to Mr.A instead of Mr.B
- Well, Where did you go?
Even sometimes, we use the question mark (?) when an interjection expresses confusion, disbelief or uncertainty etc.,
- Oh Really? You got the appointment letter.
- Types of Pronouns
- Uses of Pronouns
- Impersonal Pronoun
- Interrogative Pronouns
- Defining and non-defining relative clauses
- Omission of the Relative Pronoun
- Relative Pronouns
- Reciprocal Pronouns
- Possessive Pronouns
- Distributive Pronouns
- Indefinite Pronouns
- Demonstrative Pronouns
- Reflexive and Emphatic Pronouns
- Personal Pronouns