Verb Mood

Verb Mood

The mode or manner in which a Verb is used is called its Mood.

There are three Moods in English:  Indicative, Imperative, and Subjunctive.

 

The Indicative Mood:

Indicative Mood makes a statement or asks a question.

 

Examples:

  • Mr. Joe Biden has become the 46th President of America.
  • The company has offered him a lucrative package.
  • When did you buy a new car?
  • Where are you going now?

 

The Imperative Mood:    

The Imperative Mood expresses a command, a request, or a supposition.  The subject “you”  is generally understood.

 

Examples:

  • Stand there.
  • Open your textbook.
  • Drive your car slowly.
  • Send the emails immediately.
  • Please, give me a pen.
  • Let me speak to you.
  • Let him go there.
  • Give me one lakh. I shall make it one crore. (supposition)

The Subjunctive Mood:

The Subjunctive Mood is used:

 

To express a wish or desire:

Examples:

  • God bless you!
  • God save our leader!
  • Heaven help us!
  • God be with you!

 

  • I wish I would keep the dinosaur as my pet.
  • I wish I were with my friends now.
  • I wish she would help us.
  • He wishes he were the owner of the company.
  • My friend wishes this belonged to him.

 

To express improbable or unreal situations in the present:

Examples:

  • If I were you, I would not do that.
  • If he were younger, he would join the Army.
  • If she were the owner of this company, she would help you.
  • If we took his help, we would be in a better position.

 

After as if /as though:

Examples:

  • She speaks as if she knew everything. ( but she doesn’t know)
  • He talks as though he were the owner of the company. ( but he is not)

 

After it is time + subject: (to indicate that it is late)

Examples:

  • It is time we started.
  • It is time they finished their work. 

 

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