Verbs of Incomplete Predication

Verbs of Incomplete Predication:

 

The Verbs which require a word or phrase to make a complete meaning of the sentence are called the verbs of incomplete predication. 

 

Here the verb refers to Linking Verb or Intransitive Verb which requires a Subjective Complement to make complete sense.

 

Some Intransitive verbs make complete sense of the sentence by themselves. They need only a subject. 

 

Examples:

  • Birds fly.
  • The moon shines.
  • The sun rose.
  • The boy laughed.

 

These Verbs are sometimes called complete verbs or verbs of complete predication.

But some other Intransitive Verbs (or Linking Verbs) require a word or phrase to make complete sense of the sentence. 

 

Examples of these verbs are: 

 

is, am, are, was, were, will/shall be, been, become, look, seem, appear, taste, smell, grow, turn etc.

 

Examples:

 

  • They are doctors.
  • My friend has been a professor.
  • The earth is round.
  • Honey tastes sweet.
  • He became a businessman.
  • This cat grew fat.
  • The teacher looks angry.

 

The Verbs in the above sentences, which required a word or phrase, are called the verbs of incomplete predication. 

 

The word or phrase required to complete the predicate is called the complement of the verb. 

 

When the complement of a verb describes the subject, it is called a subjective complement.

 

Examples:

  • Sarala is a dancer
  • My friend looks happy. 
  • She is a genius.

 

Here dancer, happy and genius are the subjective complements.

 

The subjective complement may be of two kinds – Predicative Noun and Predicative Adjective.

 

Examples:

  • Sarala is a dancer. (Predicative Noun)
  • My friend looks happy. (Predicative Adjective)

What are Object Complements:

Some Transitive verbs require, besides their objects, complements to complete their meaning.

 

Examples:

  • The diet plan has made him healthy.
  • The students elected Kishore their president.
  • They named the baby Cherry.
  • She called him a rascal.

 

Here the complements, healthy, their president, Cherry, rascal describe the objects him, Kishore, the baby, him.

A complement that describes the object is called an object complement. 

 

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